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Both caffeine and theobromine cause elevated heart rate and blood pressure, and abnormal heart rhythms.
Vomiting, diarrhoea, muscle tremors/shaking and hyperthermia can occur at toxic levels. Your dog might seek out cooler places, although will be unlikely to settle anywhere. The hyperthermia causes panting, the main way dogs lose body heat.
In more serious toxicity, it may cause muscle rigidity , ataxia , seizures and coma. Death results from problems with heart rhythm or failure of the respiratory system.
Theobromine causes increased increased levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate , an important chemical messenger in the cell. Theobromine and caffeine also increase the release of adrenalin, and affect the calcium flow in and out of the cell. This increases muscle contractions.
When combined, all of these biochemical changes stimulate the central nervous system and the heart muscle. Other types of muscles in the rest of the body called smooth muscles relax, which can cause respiratory problems and increased urination.
Chocolate For Dogs Yup
Can dogs eat chocolate? Just because your dog cant have chocolate doesnt mean you cant give them a chocolate-like treat. Sharing is caring. And, your dog is your best friend. Pete & Belles loves our canine companions, too. So, we have their health and happiness in mind.
You can get a Barkers Dozen. These chocolate-free dipped dog bones are a perfect gift for your fur babies. It looks like biscuits dipped in chocolate, but the dog-friendly coating is actually perfectly poison free and full of love.
How Can I Protect My Dog From Chocolate Dangers
Dogs, like us, are drawn to sweets and will probably want to eat anything you are eating. Since dogs will likely eat chocolate if given the opportunity, its important to make sure your dog never comes into contact with chocolate.
Here are some tips to ensure your dog will stay away from chocolate:
- Make sure all adults who come into contact with your dog know the dangers of chocolate for dogs.
- Keep chocolate out of reach for example, store it in high cabinets.
- Use a baby-gate to keep your dog out of the kitchen and eating areas.
- Supervise children when they are around the dog, and teach them that feeding the dog chocolate is a no-no.
- Train your dog to obey the leave it command.
Whether youre enjoying chocolate for a special occasion or on just a normal day remember that chocolate is a great danger for dogs. Keep your puppy safe by keeping chocolate goodies out of reach, and protect your furry friend!
Did you learn something new? Share the knowledge with a friend!
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Are There Certain Types Of Chocolate Which Are Worse Than Others
Some chocolate contains higher levels of theobromine than others. Dark and cooking chocolate and cocoa have the highest levels, whereas milk and white chocolate have the lowest. It only takes less than an ounce of dark chocolate to poison a 19kg dog, so if you suspect your dogs ingested even the smallest amount, seek veterinary help right away.
Unfortunately, theres no way to determine the exact amount of chocolate that a dog has to consume to become at risk of serious illness, as every animals metabolic rate is different.
Why Cant Dogs Eat Pork
Eating raw or undercooked pork is not safe for dogs or humans, due to the parasite trichinella spiralis larvae, which can cause the parasite infection known as trichinosis. An infection transmitted by pork meat, it can occur when a dog eats the muscles of animals that are infected with the trichinella parasites.
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What Are The Symptoms Of Chocolate Poisoning
If you suspect your dog has managed to eat some chocolate, you should keep an eye out for the tell-tale signs of theobromine poisoning. The symptoms usually come on around two to four hours after ingesting the chocolate and are often preceded by a period of hyperactivity.
Once the symptoms begin, they may last up to 72 hours unless the dog receives treatment.
Here are some of the main symptoms to look out for:
How Much Chocolate Can Kill A Dog
It depends. The chocolate toxicity calculator on Pets-Now.com estimates that a standard-sized extra dark chocolate bar would warrant emergency treatment for a small dog weighing 11-26 pounds. It estimates that two and a half standard milk chocolate bars is enough to be a lethal dose for a small dog.
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Other Solutions And Considerations
So, if you still want to treat your doggy with home baked goodies, do you have any healthy options? Yes, you do! There are many types of home baked dog treats you can find online such as homemade peanut butter bacon dog treats and peanut butter and banana dog ice cream recipes. Look them up and try some of them out to see which one your pet enjoys the most. In addition, you should consult with your veterinary provider if you know your dog has any preexisting conditions or food allergies. It is always better to be safe rather than sorry!
What Is The Treatment Forchocolatepoisoning
Treatment depends on the amount and type of chocolate eaten. If treated early, decontamination including inducing vomiting and administering activated charcoal to prevent absorption of theobromine into the body may be all that is necessary. Treatments of activated charcoal may be repeated to reduce the continued resorption and recirculation of theobromine.
It is very common to provide supportive treatments such as intravenous fluid therapy to help stabilize a dog and promote theobromine excretion. All dogs ingesting a toxic amount of chocolate should be closely monitored for any signs of agitation,vomiting,diarrhea,nervousness,irregularheartrhythm,andhighbloodpressure.Medication to treat restlessness and other signs may also be necessary
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Where Does Chocolate Come From
Chocolate has a rich history dating back thousands of years. Ancient civilizations in Latin America were the first to discover the Theobroma cacao tree and turn its seeds into a delicious, drinkable liquid.
Today, we ferment, roast, and dry cacao, then grind it into a thick liquid called cocoa mass. This mass is mixed with other ingredients like cocoa butter and sugar creating the modern chocolate bar.
From bitter dark chocolate to smooth milk chocolate, this sweet indulgence is much enjoyed and perfectly safe for humans to eat. But this sadly isnt the case for our pups.
Dogs cant eat chocolate because it contains toxic ingredients that can lead to chocolate poisoning. For this reason, its important to keep an eye out when your dog is around anything containing chocolate and to take immediate action if you suspect your dog has ingested any.
Why Cant Dogs Eat Chocolate Like Humans Can
Chocolate is toxic for dogs because it contains two dangerous ingredients: caffeine and theobromine. These are safe for humans to eat, but a dogs body cannot absorb and process them in the same way ours can.
Caffeine is a strong stimulant and is also found in coffee and energy drinks. It stimulates our brains activity and our central nervous system. Human bodies can handle large amounts of caffeine even if it starts some caffeine jitters! but dogs will struggle with even a small amount. Caffeine can negatively impact your dogs nervous system and their heart rate. They may also lose muscle control and have seizures or tremors.
Theobromine is potentially lethal for our pups. Dogs cant absorb it and pass it through their system quickly the way humans can. It affects their nervous system, as well as their cardiovascular and respiratory systems. It also has a diuretic effect meaning it increases loss of water and salt in the body and can quickly bring on theobromine poisoning. This can result in vomiting, restlessness, and diarrhea.
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People Foods To Avoid Feeding Your Pets
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center Phone Number: 426-4435
Our Animal Poison Control Center experts have put together a handy list of the top toxic people foods to avoid feeding your pet. As always, if you suspect your pet has eaten any of the following foods, please note the amount ingested and contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center at 426-4435.
AlcoholAlcoholic beverages and food products containing alcohol can cause vomiting, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, difficulty breathing, tremors, abnormal blood acidity, coma and even death. Under no circumstances should your pet be given any alcohol. If you suspect that your pet has ingested alcohol, contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center immediately.
AvocadoAvocado is primarily a problem for birds, rabbits, donkeys, horses, and ruminants including sheep and goats. The biggest concern is for cardiovascular damage and death in birds and rabbits. Horses, donkeys and ruminants frequently get swollen, edematous head and neck.
CitrusThe stems, leaves, peels, fruit and seeds of citrus plants contain varying amounts of citric acid, essential oils that can cause irritation and possibly even central nervous system depression if ingested in significant amounts. Small doses, such as eating the fruit, are not likely to present problems beyond minor stomach upset.
Can Dogs Have Pepperoni
Pepperoni isnt recommended for your dog as it contains an unhealthy amount of sodium and fat, and it may contain seasonings that are unsafe for dogs. If your dog regularly consumes a large amount of pepperoni, your dog is at risk for digestive issues, salt poisoning, kidney damage, or pancreatitis.
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Can Dogs Eat Banana
Yes, dogs can eat bananas. In moderation, bananas are a great low-calorie treat for dogs. Theyre high in potassium, vitamins, biotin, fiber, and copper. They are low in cholesterol and sodium, but because of their high sugar content, bananas should be given as a treat, not part of your dogs main diet.
How Much Chocolate Is Poisonoustoadog
The amount of toxic theobromine varies with the type of chocolate. The darker and more bitter the chocolate, the more dangerous it is to dogs. Baking chocolate and gourmet dark chocolate are highly concentrated and contain 130-450 mg of theobromine per ounce. Common milk chocolate only contains about 44-58 mg/ounce. White chocolate rarely poses any threat of chocolate poisoning with only 0.25 mg of theobromine per ounce of chocolate. Even if the amount ingested is not a toxicity concern, dogs can still become ill from the fat and sugar in chocolate. These can cause pancreatitis in severe cases or in dogs that have more sensitive stomachs. To put this in perspective, a medium-sized dog weighing 50 pounds would only need to eat 1 ounce of baker’s chocolate, or 9 ounces of milk chocolate, to potentially show signs of poisoning. For many dogs, ingesting small amounts of milk chocolate is not harmful.
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Toxicity Of Chocolate To Dogs
If a dog drop a small piece of his chocolate bar on the floor and his Great Dane engulfs it, does this mean he will die? That is highly doubtful.
Do not feed a dog any chocolate to find out the exact toxicity levels of theobromine yet, accidentally crumbs most likely won’t affect a dog.
In general, larger dogs can withstand much more theobromine than small dogs. Dark chocolate contains up to three times as much theobromine than milk chocolate.
White chocolate and milk chocolate actually contain the lowest amount of theobromine out of all chocolate.
The chocolate with the highest amount of toxic theobromine is as follows. These two chocolates must be avoided at all cost. First, baker’s chocolate.
It contains three times the amount of theobromine than dark chocolate does so, that is a lot. It will definitely cause harm to an animal. The most lethal type of chocolate is cocoa powder, It actually contains twice as much theobromine as baker’s chocolate does.
The Break Down
An average 15-pound dog needs to eat 1 whole pound of milk chocolate to reach a toxic level of theobromine. That does sound like a whole lot.
Look at it this way. A family is at the church on Easter Sunday. The poodle gets into the child’s Easter basket and eats a dark chocolate easter egg that equals 1.5 pounds of dark chocolate.
Dog Poison Emergency Tips
Its good to know the list of things dogs should not eat, but that doesnt mean youll be able to protect your dog from getting into trouble all of the time. If you suspect your dog has ingested harmful food or substance, contact your veterinarian or the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center immediately. The APCC is available 24/7 at 888-426-4435. A $75 consultation may apply, but a portion of that is covered if you have an ASPCA Pet Health Insurance plan.
Also, be sure to stay calm and never try to treat your dog without professional advice. You could injure your dog or get hurt yourself. Even the most loving dog can act out when in pain, scared, or upset. Depending on the situation, your vet may need to perform diagnostic tests, induce vomiting, administer fluids through an IV, or prescribe medications. Hospitalization may also be necessary in more severe cases.
The information presented in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute or substitute for the advice of your veterinarian.
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What Does Chocolate Do To Dogs
Chocolate poisoning in dogs affects the heart, kidneys, and central nervous system the most. Symptoms typically occur between 4 and 24 hours after your dog has ingested chocolate, and they can last for 72 hours or more.
The toxic side effects of chocolate depend greatly on the amount eaten, the type of chocolate ingested, and the size of the dog.
If a larger dog eats 200 grams of milk chocolate, for example, hell probably suffer from an upset stomach . If its 750 grams your beloved canine ingests, seizures, and cardiovascular problems are more of a concern.
Is All Chocolate Bad For Dogs
All types of chocolate can be toxic to dogs, but the amount of chocolate and type ingested are important factors to consider, because the concentration of caffeine and theobromine can vary. In general, darker, more bitter chocolate is considered to be the most dangerous.
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Alternatives To Chocolate For Dogs
Where dogs cant eat chocolate, there are still plenty of ways to treat your dog! Stick to safe, approved, and specially formulated dog treats that be eaten without risk of illness. Although a human would love a nice slice of chocolate cake, you can be sure that your dog will prefer a few hours spent chewing on a tasty bone, or a quick and satisfying dip into the dog biscuit bag. There are numerous dog treats available that arent only tasty for your dog, but also provide a range of benefits for their health, like added nutrients and dental care.
Dont be tempted to treat your dog to chocolate at Easter or Christmasor it could be a more dramatic family occasion than you had intended! Stick to safe and specially formulated dog treats to treat your dog the right way.
How Much Chocolate Is Too Much
While there are some people who say their dog has eaten chocolate and experienced no adverse effects, like any other medication or potential toxin their reaction is dependent on a number of factors. The determining factors are the type of chocolate ingested, amount ingested, and weight of your pet.
The darker chocolate, like cooking chocolate and dark chocolate, is by far the most toxic with as little as 5-10 grams causing a potentially severe reaction or even death in a small dog. Even baked goods made with cocoa powder or cocoa nibs can be very hazardous.
White chocolate contains little to no theobromine or caffeine so the chance of a toxic effect is much lower. However, cocoa butter, sugar, butter, and milk solids can still be an issue and cause symptoms like an upset stomach or pancreatitis.
Generally, a larger dog can consume more chocolate than a smaller dog before suffering from any symptoms of poisoning.
If you suspect your pooch has eaten chocolate, no matter how small the amount, see your vet immediately.
Take care during Easter that chocolate eggs are stored away from your pooch
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What Is A Dangerous Dose
So now weâve understood the factors that can affect how toxic chocolate is in dogs, now we can think about how much would be dangerous for dogs in different situations.
Generally speaking, ingesting 20 micrograms of theobromine per kilogram of body weight would produce mild symptoms of theobromine poisoning.
40mg per kg of body weight, on the other hand, would produce more severe symptoms â and eating 60mg or more per kg of body weight will result in serious symptoms or even death.
|Dose per kg of bodyweight
So what does this mean in practice?
If mild symptoms appear after consuming 20mg per kg of body weight, a small dog of 5kg would need to consume around 100mg before it started feeling the effects.
This is the amount of theobromine contained in around 70g of milk chocolate or 20g of dark chocolate. Since a square of chocolate weighs around 25g, that means just three squares of milk chocolate â or one square of dark chocolate â would be enough to make a small dog ill.
Similarly, if a dog of this size ate six squares of milk chocolate or two squares of dark chocolate, the dog would become very sick â and eating nine squares of milk chocolate or just three squares of dark chocolate would put the dogâs life at risk.
If a dog eats even a very small amount of baking chocolate or cocoa powder, the situation should always be treated as serious.
There are also a couple of other factors that can affect how much theobromine a dog can take.